What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Address Thank you! Oops! Related Contents If a Pipe Breaks Do you know what to do if a pipe breaks in your house? Did You Know This Fact About Flood Damage? Prevent major flood damage with this tip. Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.